Patients can only legally commit to dental implant treatment if they were informed in an adequate and comprehensive manner (Oehler 2003; Ries at al.2002; von Ziegner 2001; Schinnenburg 2000; Ratajczak 2000; Gaisbauer 1995,1997; Fallschussel 1985; Konning 1989; Deutsch 1983). This principle is universally valid in the European and North American legal systems and is a logical consequence of every patients right to self-determination and personal liberty (Fischer and Lilie 1999).

What is Informed Consent (IC)?

- The general rule is that the clinician must not undertake medical procedures on patients without their informed consent

- Informed consent is the voluntary agreement by a patient to a proposed health care management approach given after proper and adequate information is conveyed to the patient about the proposed management, including potential risks and benefits and alternative management options.

- Failure to obtain a patient’s may expose a medical practitioner to a claim of negligence or on occasions for assault

What are the requirements for valid consent?

For consent to be valid:

- It must be given voluntarily and not coerced or induced by fraud or deceit.
- It must cover the procedure undertaken.
- It must be given by a person with legal capacity.
- The patient needs to have an awareness and understanding of the proposed procedure or treatment, and its known material risks.